A Beginner’s Guide on Stocks

What are stocks

Stocks are a popular investment vehicle that has the potential to yield significant returns over time. However, for beginners, understanding the basics of stocks can be a daunting task. In this blog post, we’ll provide a simple introduction to stocks that can be understood by anyone.

What are Stocks?

When people talk about investing in the stock market, they are talking about buying and selling stocks. But what exactly are stocks, and how do they work? In this article, we will explain stocks in the most basic way possible.

A stock represents a small piece of ownership in a company. When you buy a stock, you are buying a share of that company. Companies issue stocks as a way to raise money to fund their operations and growth.

For example, let’s say you want to buy a share of Apple stock. If Apple has a total of 100 shares outstanding, and you buy one share, you now own 1% of the company. You have a small ownership stake in Apple, and you can benefit if the company performs well.

How to Earn With Stocks

One of the ways that investors make money from stocks is through dividends. A dividend is a payment that a company makes to its shareholders, usually as a share of the company’s profits. If Apple pays a $1 dividend per share, and you own 10 shares of Apple stock, you would receive $10 in dividend payments.

Another way that investors make money from stocks is through capital gains. If you buy a stock for $100, and its price goes up to $150, you can sell the stock and make a $50 profit. Of course, the opposite can also happen. If the stock price goes down, you can lose money.

How to Buy Stocks

Stocks are bought and sold on stock exchanges, which are like marketplaces for stocks. The most well-known stock exchange in the Philippines is the Philippine Stock Exchange (PSE), but there are many others around the world.

Buying stocks can be done through a broker, either online or in person. A broker is a professional who buys and sells stocks on behalf of their clients. Online brokers have made it easier for investors to buy and sell stocks themselves, without the need for a broker.

When buying a stock, it’s essential to consider the company’s financial health, its growth potential, and the price of the stock. It’s also important to have a diversified portfolio, meaning you should invest in multiple stocks to reduce risk.

Risks and Rewards of Stocks

Stocks have the potential for high returns, but they also come with risks. The stock market can be volatile, meaning the price of stocks can fluctuate rapidly. There is also the risk of a company going bankrupt or failing to perform well, which can result in a loss of investment.

However, investing in stocks for the long term has historically provided higher returns than other investment options, such as bonds or savings accounts. It’s essential to have a long-term investment strategy and to monitor your investments regularly.


In summary, stocks represent ownership in a company, and investors can make money from dividends and capital gains. Stocks are bought and sold on stock exchanges, and their prices can go up or down based on a variety of factors, including the company’s financial performance and market conditions. While there is risk involved in investing in stocks, they can be a good way to build wealth over the long term.

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